to diagnose and treat all types and forms of cancer, utilizing various forms of diagnostic tests (such as biopsies, imaging tests, endoscopic tests and laboratory tests) and treatment techniques (such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy). Dr. Dinunno is also trained to provide emotional and palliative care, helping to provide the highest quality of life possible.
Oncology is a specialized field of medicine that encompasses the diagnosis, treatment and management of all forms and types of cancer. Within oncology there are three main subspecialties – medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology. Medical oncologists use a variety of medications to treat those with cancer; surgical oncologists perform a variety of operations to treat cancer; radiation oncologists utilize radiation therapies and treatments to treat cancer. Aside from the three main subspecialties, there are others including gynecologic and pediatric oncology.
Generally, oncologists work to diagnose and screen for various types of cancer through such procedures as biopsies and endoscopies, as well as the use of medical imaging techniques (including ultrasounds, MRIs, CT scans, and X-rays). Oncologists may also order nuclear medicine testing procedures to diagnose certain types of cancer. Aside from these techniques, oncologists may search for tumor markers, which are found in the blood or urine when malignant cancer is present.
Oncologists also draw upon their expertise to determine what form of interventional therapy would be most effective for each specific case. For example, the oncologist will determine if radiotherapy or chemotherapy should be administered, or if surgery is necessary to remove all or part of a tumor to halt the advancement of the disease. Oncologists may also provide various forms of hormonal therapy, as well as other treatments and procedures that treat and manage cancers.